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Writing a business plan?

Ready to start your own food truck?

But in the process of shaping a business plan, you’re probably wondering how to write a solid food truck financial plan without any hassle.

If you need funding or want a business partner, a strong financial plan is essential to show the potential of your food truck business. So, you can not neglect this key aspect of your business plan.

Well, do you feel like you need help crafting the financial plan? Explore this guide to deep dive into all the financial aspects to get insights into your food truck’s profit and loss potential.

Ready to get started? Let’s first understand what a food truck financial plan is.

What is a Food Truck Financial Plan?

A food truck’s financial plan reflects the current monetary position of a business and outlines its long-term financial goals, objectives, and strategies to achieve the desired outcomes.

It is the final section of a business plan but the most important part as it can persuade investors to invest in your business.

Well, the financial plan consists of key financial reports like income statement, cash flow statement, break-even analysis, balance sheet, and investment plan.

These reports give investors a detailed look at your food truck business’s projected performance, including its revenue potential, risks, and rewards that a particular food truck can bring.

Instead of paragraphs, the financial section of a business plan is presented best with figures, diagrams, graphs, and charts.

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How to Prepare a Food Truck Financial Plan?

Creating a financial plan can feel overwhelming. However, this step-by-step guide can help you prepare a realistic financial document for the food truck. Also, it ensures that you have all the details.

1. Identify Your Funding Requirements

To launch your food truck, you will need accurate finances, right? So, the first step for starting your own food truck is estimating the food truck startup costs.

Your food truck startup costs should include all initial investments, like truck rental costs, necessary equipment expenses, business license and insurance fees, utility bills, inventory, etc.

Apart from these expenses, you must account for the ongoing operational expenses for the first few months to keep your food truck’s daily operations smooth.

Once you know the amount you require for your business, it will help you decide whether you want a bank loan, a little help from known ones, or personal savings.

2. Determine Your Funding Strategy

Not everyone has a pile of money ready to start a business. Sometimes, you’ll need to ask for help from potential lenders and get enough money to start your food truck.

Here are some potential funding resources you may consider for your food truck venture:

  • Personal loans from friends and family
  • Bank loans
  • Small Business Administration (SBA) loans
  • Angel investors
  • Real estate loans
  • Equipment Financing

Before you seek financing from banks and investors, it’s very important to consider different funding options. Also, evaluate its associated costs, terms, or benefits and choose the most suitable and profitable sources.

3. Select a Business & Financial Planning Software

As you know—starting and operating a food truck will overwhelm you with responsibilities. So, having a planning and forecasting tool is a smart choice for several reasons.

Firstly, financial software will help you organize and automate various financial reports efficiently, saving time and reducing the risk of errors in calculations and data entry.

Furthermore, it often comes with specific built-in features and templates designed for making comprehensive financial plans. It also allows users to navigate complex financial concepts and ensure to include all essential components of the plan.

Overall, selecting financial software will simplify the entire financial planning process, improve accuracy, and empower businesses to make sound financial decisions.

If you are struggling to choose from too many options, consider a tool that is easy to use, offers a range of functions, and allows seamless integration of Excel data.

Pro-tip

Create a Food Truck Financial Plan with Upmetrics in no time

Enter your Financial Assumptions, and we’ll calculate your monthly/quarterly and yearly financial projections.

Financial Planning to calculate startup costs

Start Forecasting

4. Pre-Assumptions & Market Analysis

To build a foundation for your financial projections, you need to go through various aspects of your business, some of them are:

Sales forecast

It is essential to estimate the future sales volume of your food truck. For forecasting sales, you should consider a few factors, such as market trends, customer preferences, or seasonal fluctuations. Try to break your forecast into daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, and yearly figures. And get a rough idea about your revenue stream and production levels.

Pricing strategy

When it comes to pricing your food truck offerings, analyze all the factors like your product line, customer preferences, buying habits, and the competition in your local area. Remember, your pricing strategy will define a lot about your food truck in the market. So, it should reflect the value your food truck brings to your customers.

Overhead budget

These are the essential day-to-day expenses that keep your food truck running smoothly. For accurate projections, gather precise estimations from your suppliers and account for various costs like payroll, rent, ingredients, fuel, maintenance, and other monthly expenses. An accurate overhead estimate ensures your food truck’s budget is on point.

5. Prepare Financial Projections

If you want to attract investors for your food truck business, let the numbers do the talking. So, make sure that your key financial reports provide a clear picture of your food truck’s financial health. And this will be the deciding factor for potential investors.

Here are the key components of financial projection:

Cash flow statement

A cash flow statement provides valuable insights into whether you have enough funds to sustain food truck operations smoothly and make necessary investments.

To develop an accurate cash flow statement for your food truck, you’ll need to consider several critical factors, including sales figures, the cost of goods sold, and the budget for overhead costs(rent, staff salaries, & utilities).

To illustrate, here’s a glimpse into the cash flow statement of the food truck business over the next 3 years, crafted using Upmetrics:

cash flow statement of the food truck business

Income Statement

The income statement, also known as the profit and loss statement, provides specific insight into your food truck’s profitability, long-term financial goals, and business growth over the next 3-5 years.

You’ll need the cost of goods sold and revenue projections to have a gross profit for your business.

Further, deduct the operating expenses, including ingredients, labor, and rent to calculate the net income of your food truck business. This is what engages investors the most.

Balance sheet

A balance sheet indicates what it owns and to whom it owes. It has three main sections; assets, liabilities, and equity.

Assets include things tangible and intangible resources, from cash reserves to kitchen equipment and inventory. On the other hand, liabilities are debts and financial obligations, including loans and unpaid bills.

Lastly, equity reflects the owner’s investment in the business or any stake held by investors, along with expected profits.

Investors pay attention to the balance sheet as it helps them understand how your food truck’s money is organized and how much profit it’s making.

Here’s an example of the projected balance sheet of the food truck business for the next 3 years, made using Upmetrics:

projected balance sheet of the food truck business

Break-even Analysis

Earning profits is the ultimate goal of any business, so how do you get to know when you will start making profits?

This is where break-even analysis comes into the picture to help you determine how much sales volume is essential to reach the point where costs are equal to revenue.

First, identify fixed costs(rent, salaries, & utilities). Then, calculate variable costs per item(along with ingredient prices). Next, decide the selling price per item.

After that, subtract variable costs from the selling price to find the margin. Divide total fixed costs by the contribution margin per item to get the break-even point in units. This will tell you the minimum number of items you’ll need to sell to cover expenses.

Well, it can take years to reach break-even if there are loans to settle. However, you can still keep your business profitable with an appropriate understanding of fixed costs.

6. Test Assumptions

Your whole financial plan is built on predictions. Even if you’ve planned every detail carefully, unexpected challenges can still arise.

During this stage, it’s crucial to think about various “what-if” situations. So, imagine different scenarios, where things go well, and others where they don’t.

First, understand which scenario has the most impact on the profitability and sales of the food truck business. Consider performing sensitive analysis and stress testing of various scenarios for the financial plan of your food truck.

By testing assumptions through sensitivity analysis and stress testing, you can refine your financial plan, mitigate potential risks, and make well-informed decisions to ensure the success of your food truck business.

7. Monitor & Update Your Plan

Creating a financial plan is only the starting point. To make it work, you’ll need to monitor and adjust it as required.

Remember, your financial plan is based on assumptions and market analysis. Real-world circumstances can impact your food truck differently than you expected.

Thus, it’s crucial to monitor your business’s financial performance regularly. Compare the numbers in your financial plan with the actual numbers, and take note of any differences.

By regularly reviewing your financial plan, you can spot trends, patterns, and potential issues on a prior basis. This can help you understand which areas need improvement and which are working as expected.

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Now that you have all the information to create a solid food truck financial plan, it’s time to start making projections and doing the necessary calculations.

Keep in mind that your plan should be flexible and adaptable to changing circumstances. It is not only about the financial plan, but the whole food truck business plan should be flexible.

Download Free Food Truck Financial Plan Example

Creating a financial plan from scratch can get overwhelming. After all, Excel sheets are tiring and endlessly long. But not to worry; download our free food truck financial plan example prepared using Upmetrics to help you get started.

It includes all the key components of a business’s financial projections, including the balance sheet, cash flow statement, income(P&L) statement, and break-even analysis. And this will simplify your food truck’s financial planning.

Start Preparing Your Food Truck Financial Plan

And that’s a wrap—we’ve discussed the fundamental aspects of financial planning for your food truck. So, it’s time to put that knowledge into action.

But if you still feel overwhelmed by the thought of creating a financial plan., don’t worry. We’ve got you covered.

Our robust financial planning tool is here to make your process a breeze. You just need to enter your financial assumptions, and we’ll handle the rest.

So, don’t delay any longer; let’s get started on your financial plan now!

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About the Author

Upmetrics                                                       
            Team

Upmetrics Team

Upmetrics is the #1 business planning software that helps entrepreneurs and business owners create investment-ready business plans using AI. We regularly share business planning insights on our blog. Check out the Upmetrics blog for such interesting reads. Read more

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