How to Write a Customer Analysis Section for Your Business Plan

Customer Analysis Template

Free Customer Analysis Template

8 Min Read

how to write a customer analysis for business plan
Table of Contents
Writing a business plan?

A customer contributes significantly to building a winning brand.

Understanding your target consumer, their needs, the problems they face, and the way they behave assists you in creating products and services that can satisfy your customer needs.

Customer analysis is a quintessential part of your business plan. Writing it accurately will help you make informed decisions for other aspects of business planning, i.e. product development and business strategies.

So let’s get started. This blog post describes the process of creating customer analysis in a business plan and guides you with a customer persona example.

Why conduct a customer analysis?

A thorough and insightful customer analysis offers a plentitude of benefits. Here are a few you should know of:

  • Helps optimize product development by offering insights into customer behavior, needs, and pain points.
  • Helps gain a competitive advantage by identifying the pain points that are unaddressed by competitors.
  • Helps tailor your marketing efforts to cater to specific customer segments.
  • Increases customer retention by giving you a thorough insight into what the customer needs and what drives their decision.

If you think of it, customer analysis forms the basis for designing your products and services, devising your marketing and sales strategies, determining your pricing point, and driving your business growth.

How to Write a Customer Analysis Section

Writing a customer analysis includes extensive research and collecting data from various sources. This data consists of qualitative and quantitative aspects which help you write an accurate customer analysis for your business plan.

Let’s now understand a step-by-step process to write your customer analysis.

Steps to create customer analysis for your business plan

1. Identify your customers

The first step of customer analysis is to identify your potential customers and collect information about their special characteristics. Such information comes in handy when you want your product and marketing strategies to align with your customers’ needs.

However, what details should you collect and how should you segment it? Well, segmenting in the following manner can help you get a headstart.

  • Demographic: Age, gender, income
  • Geographic: Location, type of area (Rural, suburban, urban)
  • Psychographic: Values, interests, beliefs, personality, lifestyle, social class
  • Technographic: Type of technology the buyer is using; tech-savviness
  • Behavioral: Habits, frequent actions, buying patterns
  • Industry (For B2B): Based on the industry a company belongs to.
  • Business size (For B2B): Size of the company

Customer database can help capture the above data for existing businesses. However, for additional details, you can retort to surveys and forums.

If you are a startup, conducting an audience analysis might seem impossible as you don’t have an existing customer base. Fortunately, there are numerous ways through which you can study your potential customers.

A few of them are:

  • Identifying who would benefit from your product/service
  • Analyzing your competitors to understand their target customers
  • Using social media to prompt potential buyers to answer questionnaires

2. Define the needs of your Customers

Now that you have identified your customers, the next step is to understand and specify their needs and challenges. This is the step where you need to go hands-on with your research.

Getting to know your customers’ needs helps you determine whether or not your product or service hits the mark.

You can adopt one of these approaches to understand the needs of your customers:

Engage directly with potential Customers

A very reliable way to get to know your customers is to simply engage with them, either in person or on a call. You can reach out to your customers using one of the following ways:

  • One-on-one interviews
  • Focus groups
  • Beta testing (invite users to test your products).

These techniques can help you collect adequate data for your analysis.

However, before approaching your customers, set up a systematic survey that can get you structured data for analysis. To ensure that your questionnaire isn’t just covering surface-level information but a deep interrogation of customers’ problems, use the technique of five whys.

Five whys is a proven problem-solving technique that helps you get to the root cause of a problem quickly.
While practicing, be mindful of the way you conduct the interview. It is essential to keep the customers in a comfortable and conversational environment to attain accurate answers

Collect data from your customer support

Customer support is the place where you can find raw and unfiltered feedback given by your customers. Analyzing this data helps you understand the pain points of your customers.

You can further gather direct customer feedback by contacting the customers who had issues with your products. This will help you understand the pain points and gaps in your products more vividly.

Run surveys and mention statistics

Talking to your customers helps you get qualitative information that can be used to alter your product or services according to your customers. The next part is to attain quantitative information, in other words, presenting numbers to support the previous data.

Conducting surveys is one of the commonly used methods for quantifying information. You can conduct in-app surveys, post-purchase surveys, or link surveys in email and apps, etc.

You can also collect statistical data to support your conclusions from the interviews. These include stating studies related to customer choices, results from popular surveys, etc.

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3. Create a Customer Persona

It is now time to present your collected data using a customer persona.

A customer persona represents a segment of customers with similar traits. It outlines the psychological and demographic features of your potential customer group and thereby assists you in making important strategic decisions.

Consider it as a tool that will make your data analysis process easier and more efficient.

Now, you can either use customer persona templates or an AI tool to generate your buyer’s persona. However, to get a more thorough insight check how a customer profile looks.

Customer Persona Example

This is a customer persona example of an internet service provider(ISP) to help you get a more practical overview.

customer persona exampleUse it as a reference to build your own customer profile.

  • About: A lot of customers remain at home and have a minimal and easy-going lifestyle. They need high-speed, interruption-free internet access.
  • Demographics: Age is between 30 and 40, has a laid-back lifestyle, lives in suburban areas, and the income range is between $10,000 to $40,000.
  • Professional role: Shop owners, employees, freelancers, etc.
  • Identifiers/Personality traits: Introverts, like routines, make schedules, prefer online shopping, and stick with the companies they trust.
  • Goals: Wants easily available service, and 24×7 customer support, prefers self-service technologies and chatbots over interacting with representatives.
  • Challenges: Fluctuating internet connection while working or consuming media. Not enough signal coverage.
Give a unique name to a particular persona to identify it more quickly.

4. Explain the product alignment to the Customer’s Needs

You’ve gathered info and created customer personas. The final step is to explain how your product or service caters to the needs of your customers.

Here, you specify the solution you offer to tackle the challenges faced by your customers.

Mention the USPs of your product and its features, and clarify how they benefit the customer. Also, mention how your offerings make the customers’ lives better.

Continuing the previous example of an ISP provider, this company can show how its high-speed Internet plans cater to the needs of individual working professionals. They can focus on aspects like customizable plans, cost-effectiveness, and coverage in remote areas to attract users.

Build a persuasive narrative that can communicate the value your product or service adds to your customers.

And there you have it—a guide to writing your customer analysis. Just ensure that you maintain accuracy while making assumptions and predictions to make this section useful for making further decisions.

Build a solid business foundation with customer analysis

Understanding your customers inside out assists you in making profitable decisions for your business. But remember, it is an ever-evolving and continuous process. You need to analyze your customers as often as possible to stay updated about their ever-changing needs.

After all, understanding what your customers need and what they prefer will help you devise strategies that ensure maximum customer satisfaction.

Now quickly create customer profiles for your business with Upmetrics’s AI SWOT analysis generator. However, once you do that, use this tool to streamline your entire business planning process.

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About the Author


Upmetrics Team

Upmetrics is the #1 business planning software that helps entrepreneurs and business owners create investment-ready business plans using AI. We regularly share business planning insights on our blog. Check out the Upmetrics blog for such interesting reads. Read more


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